New Reports and Datasets Released: “Los Angeles County City and Community Health Profiles”
The Department of Public Health has released a first-of-its-kind series of health profile reports for 86 Los Angeles County cities and communities (62 cities, the 15 Los Angeles City Council Districts, and 9 unincorporated Census designated communities). These reports provide the most detailed information available to date on the health of residents in cities and communities across LA County and on the varied conditions that influence their health.
Each report provides data on 58 indicators of health, including the demographics and social, economic, and environmental conditions in each city or community.
The City and Community Health Profile reports can be accessed and downloaded at www.publichealth.lacounty.gov/ohae/cchp. The website also includes data spreadsheets that show results for the 58 health indicators across cities and communities.
Sections in Each City and Community Health Profile Report
- Life expectancy and social determinants of health
- Physical activity and nutrition
- Tobacco use
- Housing and health
- Community safety
- Environmental justice
- Reproductive health
- Mental health
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Access to healthcare
- The California Healthy Places Index (a composite summary measure of the health of a community)
Key Findings in the Report Series
There are inequalities in health outcomes across LA County. For example:
- Residents of some cities/communities live, on average, more than 10 years longer than residents of other cities/communities.
- Cardiovascular disease and lung cancer mortality is more than two times higher in some cities/communities than others.
There are disparities in the community conditions that impact health across the county. For example:
- Twelve cities/communities had less than half an acre of available recreational space per 1,000 residents, while 10 cities/communities had more than ten times that amount.
- The percentage of the population living in close proximity to a supermarket or grocery store was greater than 80% in 12 cities/communities, but less than 40% in 11 cities/communities.
- The percentage of children ages 3 and 4 years who were enrolled in preschool was greater than 80% in 5 cities/communities, but lower than 40% in 9 cities/communities.
Relevance to Your Practice
- Use your city’s/community’s results to identify patient needs and resources.
- Consider ways to address social determinants of health in your practice, such as by screening patients for food insecurity or housing needs.
- Integrate city- and community-specific data into grant requests.
- Use the results to identify research questions and special projects to address your local community and patient needs.
- Advocate for policies and programs in communities that promote health and prevent disease among your patients and all residents.
Health care providers are encouraged to review and share their local city/community profiles. Click here to download.